Build a shelter is difficult if your financial situation is not good. The prohibitive price and the technical and administrative difficulties are very dissuasive.
Here are 2 prior suggestions: 1- Get away from risk areas . And hope that the announced catastrophe is of “endurable human dimensions”, that is not much more than large earthquakes in some areas and that the atmosphere is breathable. If more the degree of destruction, would be zero chance of survival even for people who have their own bunker and not a military bunker or high – tech.
2- Build yourself your refuge . If you cres that the catastrophe will be “bearable human dimensions” and are in a remote place it is possible to survive enabling constructions already made, such as basements, caves, factories, car parks, or creating alternative shelters, like those really to continuación.etc.
The author of this website (supervivencia2012.net) has conducted a study of different models that can be adapted shelters as bunkers, Some are highly effective security to any event and others may be relatively effective or temporary use.
Apart from the popular reinforced concrete bunker you can choose the following options that aim briefly.
This is to enable a secure area of a home or building for shelter. Often is the parking or cellar. To reinforce this is usually done with wood formwork props and you can buy in a wholesale warehouse construction. The use of filled sandbags, double embankments or reinforcing steel beams are also valid options, which may need to monitor an architect. This option is practical and very economical.
Remember that in this section you can use other existing buildings that offer a high degree of safety: subway tunnels, train or traffic bridge. Warehouses, parking buildings, warehouses, factories, etc. are usually safe if buildings are made of concrete and there is no danger of being buried when a landslide occurs.
In some manuals or FEMA Civil Protection Spain is documented effectively as enclosures enable to increase safety. Your you are interested on the previous page (bunker area) can obtain digital copies of these documents for free.
The corrugated steel is a type of steel specially designed for its excellent characteristics for building structural elements in civil works. It is normally supplied in the form of bars (used to reinforce concrete) or in sheet form as the guard rails vehicle impact absorbing cover or plates or canalizaciones.Los shelters made with corrugated steel began massively used during 2nd World War.
The famous refuge Anderson http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Air-raid_shelter#Anderson_shelter was widely distributed for free to the London population to protect themselves from German bombing. Kit consisted of a plate and screws that citizens could ride in parks and gardens nearby. Thousands of people saved their lives through this initiative.
Currently the structures of corrugated steel tubular allow the realization of industrial buildings, homes, hangars, silos, water tanks, safely, reliably and quickly.
The TUNEL CORRUGATED STEEL PLATE massively used in civil work for the realization of pipes in tunnels, road step, road crossings and railway lines. They can be buried up to 15 meters deep and are completely waterproof and anti-seismic absorbing all kinds of earthworks. All these products are internationally standardized sizes and materials. It can be constructed in different sizes and measurements.
The author of this website (supervivencia2012) seeking a domestic manufacturer that will offer a similar product which under some technical requirements bunkers different models of development. To get an idea a bunker of 60 m2 for 20 people, buried 2 meters underground with emergency outlet pipe and main door has cost less than € 25,000 and is mounted in just 2 days.
If you believe is of interest, please contact me and I will advise on your project.
Corrugated iron shelters have demonstrated proven efficacy for atomic protection, because in addition if you cover it with concrete, will provide equivalent safety bunker classic, but still lower price and amazing rapidity of execution.
Even the famous bunker of seeds use tubular steel structures for construction in the access tunnel.
Abroad already used http://www.disastershelters.net/shelters_components.php
Within this mode corrugated steel structures one piece, easily transportable in a truck and easy to put in a pit without large installations. In principle they are models to protect themselves from storms and are not large (less than 2 meters in diameter).
Morrison shelter is an application of architectural and engineering sciences loads on metal structures. He settled in more than 1 million home in the UK during World War 2, saving the lives of thousands of people.
To maintain the comfort of the residents in their homes. Herbert Morrison, successor of Minister Anderson, (famous for the shelter Anderson, precursor of modern corrugated shelters) designed structures shaped steel table with wire mesh on the sides and underneath. Allowed inside QUICKLY shelter several people to protect themselves from the bombing. The structure was designed to withstand the fall of a building above.
Inside the mattress, pillows and bedding to sleep or just the family sat on a mattress set. He had two beds. The single bed were used as tables and for that withdrawing the wire mesh side when eating, but then restocked. He had 50 cm high and up to 1.50 m high to accommodate up to three mattresses. The problem with the latter, was that they were too large for most homes.
In my personal opinion, this type of shelter could be used to make a modern adaptation. For example it would be feasible to perform an internal exoskeleton of iron girders and mesh from inside a room. In addition to getting a Faraday effect the room would become a “panic room” safe for earthquakes or bombings.
The known 20-foot marine containers offer a usable area of 12 m2 enough to house an emergency to 4 people. The international military and emergency services use them as homes or shelters circumstances.
They are very cheap second – hand and must be reinforced inside to avoid sinking under the weight of earth or concrete walls of iron. In Germany , a company and prepared as reinforced concrete bunkers http://www.abcguard.de/
The container is easy to transport and transform element can be stacked up to 7 floors or shelter interconnecting several containers can be created. Thousands of projects with containers made by prestigious architects support this versatile material. In Spanish you can visit: http://www.habinet.org/
In this category we can include the bunkers made of steel, such as: http://www.hardenedshelters.com/ .
This is another technique for shelters or bunkers which is very economical and viable can make any small construction company or a professional mason.
Here’s an example of self-constructed bunker in a garden:
http://chadperson.com/recess/bunker/ It is known and famous brick concrete but internally reinforced with rod formwork and concrete filling. An ideal shelter small format solution that can be built by any construction worker without major problems and their execution is very fast. This brick is very universal and abundant, cheaper than conventional, easier to install, no need plastering and does not need great tools for assembly, only the manual and a small scaffold. It has good anti – seismic characteristics (when he has forged internal) and water – resistant, and should be considered for building shelters or bunkers. Here I leave a link illustrating the
Here is a sequence of a brick bunker with concrete slabs:
It is a similar block in appearance and concrete measures to block but is made up of special products, nonpolluting that give them a special resistance to impacts and are earthquake. It markets a Spanish company CLIMABLOCK http://www.climablock.com/ (sr Macario)
Its bricks or panels are so good that is used for the construction of silos of explosives for the military. Their products are tested by the civil guard with real explosives.
The company can build buildings or silos with these materials at very competitive prices or can teach construction workers mounting method.
In the construction sector you can find some more or less conventional solutions and materials of interest, as different bricks, which have good anti-seismic characteristics or that are used for retaining walls, such as the popular GERO or the like.
The company http://www.tribopress.com/es/prod4.htm sells machinery to manufacture antiseismic bricks commonly used in Eastern countries.
The company http://www.mdue.it/es/ markets Poriespan curious elements to build entire houses with earthquake – resistant properties.
In this category also included the ICF bricks. Brick constructions based on ICF are very cheap and effective. They are ideal for a basement or underground shelter. 15 Reasons to build with ICFs: ultralight one-materials that do not require cranes or other heavy machinery. 2-less transport of heavy materials. Very suitable for hard toreach places such as high mountains or steep places. 3-No great experience is necessary as it is very easy to build with ICFs. 4-Al build faster the risk of having to stop the work is reduced due to inclement weather . . 5-Easy construction of basements 6-covers are placed very soon after starting work. 7-Almost no scaffolding is required. 8-you can adapt standard parts to build any form: arches, you look like curves, etc. . 9-You can use smaller air-conditioning units. 10 , no beams or special reinforcements are needed in lintels and windows. 11 the slots for the electrical and water pipes are made very easily and cleanly with a hot knife ( Hot knive) 12 , straps and / or rails allow for quick both interior finishes and exterior. 13-Menor occurrence of cracks in plaster due to the contraction of the material. 14-Generation of rubble virtually nil. Containers do not lack. 15-Just water is needed in the construction. can be built without access to electricity. They meet earthquake standards … an example: http://www.expanhouse.com/index.php
The ferro cement is to create a mesh (often circular or tubular with a mold) which is subsequently coated with cement. Like the cast of a broken arm. It has a good anti-seismic behavior, and began to be used for the manufacture of agricultural silos or water tanks. It has a very low cost and maintenance is almost nil. Currently houses are made with this material. Even hulls.
Homes built domes usually with a very futuristic look.
Here are some ejemplos: http://depuracionagua-eared.blogspot.com/2009/11/que-es-una-domo.html http://www.canalconstruccion.com/ferrocemento.html
I leave a video of how to build an emergency camp with ferro cement in an area of the third world.
A similar variant of fero cement are emergency shelters made of canvas cement http://www.concretecanvas.org.uk/ for less than 2000 € you can have a dome tent 16 m2 emergency anti bullet and fireproof solo 2 hours
The shelters prefabricated cement canvas are a great opportunity to apply them in different fields, military, sports, humanitarian, etc. Surprised how quickly you can prepare one of these shelters, simply inflate the previously moistened canvas inside the bag until it acquires the desired shape.
In about 40 minutes we can have a much more solid than a tent shelter CC01, although we have to wait two hours until properly solidify. Even withstand the impact of a bullet, is not therefore no wonder that the military has been fixed at the shelter in question, although its creators, the British Will Crawford and Peter Brewin, had intended solely for humanitarian issue, ie, to provide thousands of refugees from the third world a place where shelter.
Designed in 2007 and are being marketed. In June 2009 they held a demonstration in Burgos (Spain). You can see their videos on youtube
The new shelter is inside a bag ready for installation, with an inflation pump pedal, simply break the bag and begin to inflate to 230 kilos of canvas taken properly.
They are built inflating the canvas sealed shelter until you have the right shape and then adding water to the material. Then you have to let it dry.
“The cement canvas is inspired by the material used to make plaster casts in hospitals, although we had to devise a completely different way to make it work with cement,” said Will Crawford.
The new shelter can be kept in perfect condition for a couple of years, but it all depends on the volume of construction.
The deployment of these constructions should be done when the sun is hidden, the reason is to prevent the cement from drying too can not then provide adequate strength. FOR MORE
The idea of making a floating bunker with ferrocement is not new, because some boats are made with this material. Forum of GSE2012 already talked about this possibility and the famous egg (idea macbeth) to circulated online (a Spanish company to “copy” the idea of home bunker egg – shaped) Here I leave another project, more elaborate home chalet / floating bunker that can be a good idea for all those expecting the big wave. they also have a video of a test with a model of this model
Even in the twenty – first century almost half of the world population lives in houses built with earth. In this embodiment may include the superadobe http://www.earthbagbuilding.com/ (in Spanish), rammed earth, raw brick, pressed brick, soil excavation and other forms less known.
Not all buildings are safe to land. The superadobe and mud walls and corrugated pneumatic pressing are the most reliable.
If you are interested in internet find companies or architects who have made cutting-edge, environmentally friendly, sustainable projects and amazing prices.
Based construction land is very versatile, there are about 20 different methods, from digging earth, adobe bricks, concrete , adobe or sandbags. Remember that 1 meter of land insulates much better than cement extreme temperatures and radiation. Land – based constructions are almost half in which half of humanity lives. In Yemen there are buildings up to 7 floors made of adobe.
The superadobe is a name attributed to an Iranian – born American architect using as a basis the known catastrophe sandbags and barbed wire. Technique long used by the military but that this architect to date. . Even this technique he developed for NASA for a possible moon colonization
The advantages of these constructions are enormous:
1. Use your own land site
2. Only simple and tools such as bags, shovels, picks, hoes, buckets and wheelbarrows are needed . Therefore it does not lack me ns of locomotion, outlet, etc.
3. They are self – constructed in record time by a few people. The video house was built in a weekend !!!!
4. You can combine it with beams, or other materials to make it safer and livable.
5. These constructions are earthquake – resistant and fire
6. They are practically free.
For more information: http://www.earthbagbuilding.com/ (in Spanish)
Here are the direct download of Official manual construcion with superadobe. 500 pages full of pictures and illustrations explaining the process perfectly. This in English.
Here I leave a story on earth houses published in a Latin architecture magazine and below another full manual construction of earthquake-proof homes with land, in Spanish.
We know that the military has a natural predisposition to make shelters quickly and effectively using the resources in their environment. The soil and land is the principal of these resources. Making trenches and sandbags shelters are built very quickly, within hours.
Here I put a refuge appeared in http://www.armedforces-int.com . It is a construction that uses similar to those of rubble (the 1 m3) reinforced with chicken wire and presumably with some internal reinforcement as rods or stakes sacks. It may be an emergency solution against natural phenomena such as storms or fires. A meter of land certainly supports all types of impacts.
Another pleasant addition to military are precast rigid plastic which are then filled with soil. As if it were a giant lego possible motar a camp with a high degree of safety. The empty parts are placed by hand and filled easily. It is a project of a Canadian company http://www.soacorp.com/FOB.htm
Witty initiative of this Canadian community that has created based on survival shelters bury old passenger buses interconnected. Another of its initiatives is the use of prefabricated building elements as giant pipes buried pipes to create cockpits
Seen some of the suggested ideas, to take refuge in some environmental catastrophe occurs to me a cheap and highly practical. Own 100%. A second hand caravan can be purchased for less than 3000 euros, and can sleep and live there about 4 people perfectly. Chemical and incorporates its water, its small kitchen with gas and fridge.They operate either with battery or mains (with the turn of a button). Has its compartments and storage space for material. This caravan can be buried on land (creating a ramp or a crane) and communicating the gateway through a pipe to the outside. The upland guarantees protection against atomic radition and interior is better conditioned than some containers of fiberglass or metal that are sold there. In an emergency it could survive well maybe one week. I put a picture of the idea that I made myself with the Google 3D.
Another interesting form of shelter are a different size capsules made of fiberglass and steel. They are designed to protect a few hours of thunderstorms and tornadoes. They are very economical, easy to carry and even easier to install. They are American
In the market there are lots of precast concrete, such as pipes, panels, ceilings or floors that are massively used for the construction of industrial buildings or retaining walls. These materials can also be used for building shelters or bunkers economically and quickly. Here ‘s an example of prefabricated bunkers: http://disasterbunkers.com/index.php
Concrete pipes and ducts from works can be another emergency solution. A hotel uses. Because of its great strength provide a really safe place, its thermal inertia helps the environment is warm enough.
The tubes are so heavy that it is virtually impossible to remove them from their location.
With this idea you have another company doing cosntruciones with concrete blocks that fit together. Among its products are for military bunkers.
What is the smallest and economic refuge that we can take to survive?
The answer is also called KISU BOTHY bag. It is a bag that usually carry instructors mountain groups.
Bothy bag is a waterproof nylon shell structure that protects from rain, wind and soil isolates. Its use is recommended in places where there are no possibilities of natural shelter (deserts, plains, beaches, in a boat, etc). It is as effective as a tent, but no structure or frame.
The aim of the bag is to keep your body heat and not suffer hypothermia. The single bag weighs 300 grams but there are up to 16 places that do not exceed 500 grams.
Companies that sell: Outdoordesigns, Vango, Newfoundland
During an emergency it is possible we run out of water in our home. What can we do to overcome ?. The first is prevention. NOW you should have several resistant bottles of 10 or 25 liters at home, always full. Best of square type that are better to keep and amass. You can go renewing content every 2 or 3 months, filling them again with tap water. Your car should not miss a bottle of 5 liters.
If you start some kind of fact “foreseeable” even a few minutes before (bombing, earthquake, quarantine, siege, etc.) immediately fill the bathtub, bidet and sinks. In a few minutes we have, more than 100 liters of extra water. Even when a catastrophe and water conduction occurs is cut is possible to have a residual pressure and take advantage of this water in the pipes. ¡¡¡Cover well the tub!
Something quite interesting are the bags sold by the company mwatersafe . (The photo). These bags and prepared for domestic water storage in the bathtub and include cap and small hand pump to drain the water. They cost 50 euros plus postage and can store up to 500 liters (depends on the size of your bathtub). Here you have a video demonstration.
Some appliances such as coffee makers or irons clothes have water tanks.
FILLING ALL TYPES OF VESSELS. In the refrigerator, it is possible to collect the ice cubes. WATER fish tanks. WATER TANKS OF WATER (about 8 liters). WATER POOLS, even if chlorine can drink. WATER IN THE DEPOSITS oF SOME JARDINERAS. the AIR CONDITIONING eQUIPMENT spew water and cooling towers usually have a good tray outside water. DEPOSITS heat registers , they can be purged and get after boiling water is safe to drink.
For less than 50 € you can buy an inflatable pool that can fit more than 2000 liters for emergencies.
If it rains taponaremos appropriate drains and when the water level starts rising collect the water with our survival tubule (we will siphon). Sponges and glasses are also used to collect water.
Seran our other priorities if it rains. In the garden or old it is easy because they are outside and usually drain to the street where we will have containers to collect the precious liquid. In modern buildings it is best and drill down to parking or break drains (they are visible). First, make sure it is the downspout water and not the toilet. When rain water pipes will vibrate and know what they are.
Awnings balconies (once cut) and plastics are ideal for tradesmen to collect and channel water when it rains.
It is known that all human nuclei inhabit around water supply. Our city or town is no exception. We are so used to open the tap that we are no longer able to locate in our community wells and public sources of natural waters, non-payment network. Often health standards for these water resources are unutilized … .but the water is in the same place.
Groundwater or groundwater are part of our cities. They are sometimes drinking water and sometimes mixed with rain water. Although this water is not toxic it does not go through any process of purification and is only utilized for watering gardens, cleaning cars, ornamental fountains and industrial uses.In the case of Barcelona these waters are also regulated to control the water table level meter, rounds and other buildings in the city.
In an emergency where the water supply is cut this water can save your life to you and your community. ‘You can sanitize with some of the methods we have described !!!
So you should look for in your town where are situated these ancient sources, wells and deposits of river water.
In the case of Barcelona it is quite easy in this web find maps and locations of these large deposits. Even you will see a very good video of their operation and location. In my case I live a few meters from 2 large deposits
link provided by Beki.
Each of us, depending on how old you are, be known that their parents or grandparents, had a special art to preserve food, to make them last getting so there were missing in times of scarcity.
Beans and cheese
Personally I have met in the kitchen at home, in the village, those moments in which everyone around the kitchen table, we watched stringing thread green beans that had previously been scalded, so that then They filled the ceilings of the kitchen, pantry, or the sabayao, teeming with white threads of green pods of beans ranging from Arnaia to Arnaia (from beam to beam, so we understand), and how those pods were drying , blackening and crumpling. These beans were the best delicacy thread that had, especially those that had dried in the kitchen, who had smoked well; to the point that it was a little food unless required in the feasts, especially when celebrating Christmas.
Another curious thing. Today we bought milk in boxes, and these have an expiration date. Now think those livestock houses, owners of hundreds or thousands of sheep; and who says sheep, says goats, or cows. Every day tens of liters of milk when milk, and that milk is taken out, not the carton have yet invented, it was very vulnerable and easily malleable. And, of course, no matter how numerous they were families, you could get to consume 3 or 4 liters of milk every day, but … what about the rest of the milk ?. The concept of throwing did not exist. Well, cheese, curd, cottage cheese … were but traditional ways of preserving milk.
In Navarra, and focusing on the need to preserve food, they have survived to this day dozens of refrigerators from medieval times, some of them perfectly preserved or restored properly; will surely be the most famous egg Olite Castle, or refrigerators like Burgui or as La Vizcaya, in Aibar. In them the snow was stored, the rest of the year was used for healing purposes, to make soft drinks, and especially to preserve food.
In the Navarre Pyrenees, around the edges it was a very common practice, which we have known at least until the end of the twentieth century, digging “snow wells” or small refrigerators; It was a rectangular hole approximately 100 x 60 centimeters and 100 centimeters deep, where based on layers of straw and snow, they were preserved foods all year. This well was covered with a table, and on this grass and threw some heavy element set, which made quite pass unnoticed and that the animals could not access.
In towns Something similar happened in those times when electricity and refrigerators were invented. Until the early twentieth century was quite common the existence of small wells of snow in the annexes to the home land.
Another example is found in the shepherds who spent the summer in harbor and mountain pastures; themselves were concerned hunting, skinning the pieces of hunting, salt them, and keep them in natural holes in which the presence of snow, in the eastern part of the Navarre Pyrenees, was guaranteed even in the summer.
But there were also other techniques to preserve food, techniques that lived behind closed doors; and this is where comes in and takes on a very special role pottery, vessels and containers of cooked and glazed clay. We’re talking about techniques that freezing was replaced by smoking, by techniques of salting and brine, by pickled, by shortening, or oil. And here each food required a specific technique that those women and men dominated system to perfection.
That is why it was very important to get in the house with good equipment and several jars containers that allowed preserve certain foods under the principle of “saving when to when no”.
Without this equipment meaningless pig slaughter, hunting, gathering vegetables, and all that in that society survival it was essential to meet the hardness and harshness of winter.
The pantry was, therefore, the sacred corner of the house; and pottery was, in turn, in the pantry, common, major and essential element that all rested conservation techniques.
Those ancestors of ours, without having gone to college, and in many cases or school, knew very well that if a plant, or a piece of meat or the dried fish in the sun, the water in its interior evaporates, and consequently contaminate the microorganisms can not grow.
They knew also that once devoid of water (dry), if you covered with salt, that matter was dehydrated, and there still could not grow any germ. With the proviso that the salt also served to maintain and even to enhance the flavor.
In certain salted, or products with brine (concentrated salt solutions) within the jars, in the phase prior to consumption, it was added a little paprika or cinnamon, or some other seed other spices.
Our ancestors also knew that once they had managed to keep food beyond the winter thanks to the previous work of dry and dehydrate them, was necessary before consumption back to rehydrate and give them a texture that convirtiese on groceries. And here the jars were still fundamental.
These foods would get into those old vessels now immersed in olive oil, or pickled, serving this to rehydrate and emblandecerlos. This also allowed later reuse this oil, after having gone through that process, it was a flavored oil.
Escabeche was one of the preserves made with olive oil, keeping food for longer. This traditional method of preservation is not just for the fish, as you can come to believe; It was also used to marinate small game or big game, as could be the meat of wild boar.
This system is to introduce the pieces to keep in a preparation made from salt, spices, vinegar and oil; although the most widespread formula in making a good escabeche was mixing olive oil, salt, sugar, bay leaf, peppercorns and some garlic cloves. First is gilding a little garlic into two parts olive oil to one part vinegar or white wine. Once browned garlic other spices would like to use as some vegetables, paprika, etc., depending on how often you would like to keep it added. We left after everything is cooked slowly and soften; then add the vinegar or white wine, or both ingredients.
At this point they can be selected to two different kinds of pickled; one is done cooking the meat or fish submerged in the marinade of olive oil for 20 minutes, and the second variant is carried out in cold escabeche incorporating the pieces of meat or fish.
And let ‘s not forget either the large glass bottles in which, under a technique similar to what we now know as the “bath” were kept inside cooked food; these bottles, once filled, were covered with waxed corks. This preservation technique, a prelude to what are today the cans, was probably the only good thing we were allowed the French troops of Napoleon in those fateful years of the early nineteenth century.
In short, an art handed down from one generation to another for centuries, and today only survives in the memory of those who have come to know. Already cut the chain of transmission, and it had much to do on arrival in our villages electricity.
They are exposed here, for posterity, survival techniques; serve to assess the merit of our grandparents and those before them.
The handkerchief is another of those MEGAPOLIVALENTES, practical and light elements that should not miss on your computer. 2 or 3 scarves weigh no, do not take place and are inexpensive.
My favorite handkerchief for survival has always been the Palestinian scarf (shemagh or kaffiyeh), a simple square cotton scarf large (1.20 meters x 1,20mts) in different colors, with lots of features.
You can also improvise with a blanket, towel, upholstery of a sofa or a car, a curtain, etc.
What is a large handkerchief:
For all these reasons Shemagh scarf and other variants, is used by military units of the Middle East and Asia. And of course in your backpack.
Various uses of the Palestinian scarf. Seen: http://bitacorahyperboreana.blogspot.com/
Communicate wikipedia the existence of a tool called “create a book” that sometimes appears in the header of the web or in the sidebar (also in Castilian). This tool allows us to create PDF books from the pages you want. We can sort by subject and put titles. Its operation is simple. At the end of the collection, we can export the results in PDF, ready to use in class, share it with friends or report it on your website Here is a proof of a survival book of about 50 pages done in less than 5 minutes with wikipedia material. It is clear that with more links and time could make a real encyclopedia
The survival techniques designate the body of knowledge that allow feed , warm , protected from bad weather and even apply knowledge doctors when one is isolated in nature .
These techniques are based mainly on the use of objects that can be found in the environment , reducing as much as possible the use of artificial objects (such as lighters , knives …). However, some of these techniques are based on the principle that a minimum available instruments, generally gathered in a survival kit . Survival methods are different depending on where it is located. Make fire with pieces of wood in the desert or find a camel in a forest , for example, it can be difficult.
They are taught in particular the military , people who try to make long stays or journeys sparsely populated areas ( forests , deserts ), people who want to isolate themselves from society , wishing to prepare for a possible sudden disappearance of their way of life or who they want to be able to cope with disaster situations .
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The key priorities of human survival follow a rule of 3:
But in most cases survival are other priorities:
These priorities may change depending on the environmental conditions.
The main function of the shelter is to protect us from the dangers of the environment. Extreme heat can cause syncope or heat stroke; Heat exhaustion also is highly risky, however, produces excess cold hypothermia and freezing. In the marshes we can devour mosquitoes and if we get wet while we sleep we can get pneumonia, apart from the discomfort, lack of rest and moral blow that this entails.
In many survival situations and under adverse weather conditions, it is the top priority. A good shelter, in addition to protect us from the above, provides comfort, security and psychological firmness. The type of shelter we build will depend on our needs, the time will remain in that place and the tools we have. We should always include in our luggage:
In lying position, the body loses 80% of heat across the floor. It is a fundamental part of our refuge. It must be soft, dry, horizontal and hot (except in the desert, which is cool). provided that it can try to do a little off the ground and prevents while sleeping is bitten or stung by a poisonous species. We will achieve this by choosing either the site (flee wet areas), removing the sticks and stones that may be on the ground, and isolating it well with fallen leaves, ferns, clothing, etc.
If we are in a real survival situation have suffered an accident and our car is still habitable, it can be a good shelter. Otherwise we pay attention to the material that is inside and could serve.
They are shelters whose construction requires little or no effort on our part. They improvised in crevices and hollows of rocks, caves, landforms and vegetation.
Are we build with the materials found in nature or that we carry in our luggage. It is highly recommended to maximize the opportunities offered by the environment, such as a fallen tree or a pit that can be covered with branches and leaves.
Shelter with a plastic sheet
If you have a sheet of plastic large enough we can improvise a shelter stretching a rope between two trees and placing the sheet as a store of classical campaign. In extreme wrap stones that will hold it then with a wooden clothes pins or affirm anudaremos and improvised with ropes and ice axes with sturdy wooden sticks. If we dig a trench around anegue we will prevent water in stormy weather.
Classic shed is probably the most classic survival shelters. Use a wooden frame, but if we use one or two trees as columns we will save a lot of work and shelter gain in strength. In cold climates we use a fire to warm and log back reflector for better use of the heat. It is therefore important to consider wind direction if you do not want to end smoked. The roof will cover the plant matter. In some areas it is easy to find large sheets with which to build a waterproof roof joining them as tiles. You can also improvise tiles with pieces of bark. If not, a roof of dried grass and straw, if thick enough, it also provides us with certain impermeability.
Shelter with a fallen tree
You have to cut some branches to make a hole in the glass fall. It is a cozy retreat, and if the tree is green, protect us from the wind, but no rain.
Branches shelter support in the form of A
classic shaped shelter A Teepee or shelter is another classic that offers more shelter shed. It is built with a frame of sticks that take the form of a store of traditional Canadian campaign or an A. It is covered with a layer of large leaves as tiles, and above them a layer of grass, leaves, branches do not pierce the tiles to prevent wind lift us to the ceiling.
It is a kind of shelter appropriate to spend only short periods of time because it is not very comfortable, unless the trunk holds a large diameter. It consists of a simple shed that is done by supporting a number of branches of a fallen and covering them with the materials listed above trunk. The problem with this shelter are the insects that live associated with this fallen tree.
Platform with mosquito net
This refuge soil isolates us and protects us from insects. If you add a roof it will also protect us from the rain. The bed will cover it with palm leaves or other material.
Humans can live 3 weeks without food and 3 days without water. Depending on weather conditions, there have been people who have been more than two weeks without water. In the Guinness book of records a person who was 18 days without water is recorded. Survival duration also depends on the physical conditions. A person can lose 2-3 liters per day, more in hot or tropical and humid climates.
Lack of water causes dehydration, causing lethargy, headaches, dizziness, confusion and even death if the percentage of lost water is high (+ 15%). The dehydration reduces the concentration of water in the body and is one of the main risks in desert environment or very temperate zones. In order to avoid here are some recommendations:
In extremely dry environments, you need to take care in extreme loss of water to avoid dehydration:
To avoid this risk, an important priority is to find a source of drinking water. Some water may be contaminated by pollution or pathogens (see potability of ground water). Although little can be done against contaminants molecular, some particles and microorganisms can be removed (see portable water purification systems).
Look at the bottom of the valley, to where the natural water is drained. If no stream or pond, looking for areas of green vegetation and dig into them. Excavates ravines and dry river bed. In the mountains looking for water trapped in cracks. On the coast digs below the sea level. Suspicion pond that has green vegetation around it or if there are animal bones nearby. Checks minerals in the banks, may indicate some alkaline conditions. always standing water boils. In the desert, without mouth lakes become salt lakes: the water must be distilled before drinking it.
There are some plants that can provide us with water. Many roots of trees and vines contain lots of water, and be removed by placing in a container severed fragments. Do not use liquid turbid, milky or colored vegetables.
The water can be collected in various ways. Water can be collected by the following methods:
Rainwater (which is usually safe) can be collected in containers. Use a collection area as wide as possible, causing the water to run into containers. A hole in the ground covered with mud, can store water. If you do not have these sources, you will need more ingenuity. The water can be collected through condensation traps or solar distillers. Clothes can be used to collect dew and humidity of lawns and plants. Wear a shirt tied to the ankle and walking on the grass at sunrise or sunset and drain to collect it . This is a very effective method to obtain water. Standing water can be made safe by filtration using a strainer with activated carbon .
The sun will raise the temperature of the air and the earth, producing steam. The water will condense on the underside of the plastic and fall into the can. This method esmuy effective n areas where the day is very hot and the old night. This way you can get to pick up 550ml. in 24h. This method also serves as a trap. Insects and small snakes attracted by the plastic fall therein or in the hole and can not get out. I recommend that if you use this method put a few as you need at least 2 liters of water a day.
You should never eat ice or snow, as they can cause burns to the mouth and lips, preventing the subsequent intake of food and drink liquids, in addition also expose ourselves to that infected burns. More water ice snow is obtained. To warm the snow melts a small amount first in a saucepan and then go adding more. If you fill theentire bucket of snow, a hollow inside as the snow melts and the pot will burn it will be formed. If you do not have this system to melt ice can fill our water bottle with ice or snow and put it between two layers of clothing to relocate start to melt it with body heat, it is very important that the canteen we do not touch the skin as it could burn well. The snow layers closer to the surface produce less water than deeper layers. Although not to drink salt water , if you find yourself near a beach you can get drinking water on the opposite side of the sea in a downward dune. Under sea level, the sand filter made of salt. You may have a salty or brackish taste but, sand acts as a filter reducing future salts containing seawater when digging in the ground
In a covered container filled with water and passes a tube. Put the container to be heated in the fire. The other end of the tube put it in another container that is also tightly closed. The latter package must be turn into another that should be filled with cold water to cool the steam will come out the tube. To avoid wasting water evaporated, pipe joints sealed with mud or wet sand.
Getting water from urine solar distiller
You can also obtain drinking water from urine , if you have two bottles empty and tape, creating a simple solar still:
It can also be used to distill water if you suspect may be contaminated.
Trees can remove moisture from a depth of 15m. Which is too deep to dig. So let the tree pump up to you. To collect water, tie a plastic bag around a branch that has green leaves and are in good condition. Evaporation leaves produce condensation in the bag. Keep the mouth of the bag up and a corner hanging down to pick up that water. You can also place as a polyethylene tent on a plant. To do this tent suspended from above or hold it from the inside with a stick. Prevents the leaves touch the sides of the tent or forward drops and can not pick up channels plastic base.
Even if short plants, condensation will occur when put inside a large plastic bag. Keep leaves the high ground by stones, to collect the water beneath them. Nor let the leaves touch the sides of the bag. Tense the bag with stones. If you put the bag in a place that has a slight slope, the drops go downhill and you can pick them up.
Pine can get water biting the tips of the leaves (spikes), since they retain water.
A myth of survival is that of cactus sheets can be obtained drinking water. Although many cacti do have fluids inside, it is a highly acidic solution and can induce vomiting if you drink. Many cacti have highly toxic fluids for man. [ Citation needed ]
Plants usually collect water in cavities. Bamboos voids are filled with water: if you hear agítalos and move water, cut the bamboo base of each board and extracts the water in its interior. The cup-shaped plants collect water, but first you must remove any insects and debris that may contain.
Vid Those that have a rough bark and buds of 5cm. thick, may contain drinkable water. But be careful as not all contain drinkable water and even some may contain sticky sap and that is poisonous milky .. Some vines cause irritation when touched. So it is best to collect the liquid in a container or allow it to fall directly into the mouth without touching the stem. For water vine stem and practicale choose a cut on the top you can. Hazle another cut in the bottom and let the water go leaking. When it stops dripping cut a section of the branch at the base and repeat the operation until it is completely drained.
Palm trees Palm trees containing a sugary liquid called cane juice that you can drink. To get the liquid begins to flow, turn the palm down and cut the tip. Every 12 hours if you make a cut a small piece of the tip, the liquid will flow allowing to obtain 1/4 liter each day. Mature coconut milk is a powerful laxative, so that drinking too much can cause you to lose fluid.
Cactus Water remains in the fruits and pulp, but keep in mind that some cactus are poisonous. Avoid contact with the spikes, because these are then difficult to remove and can cause painful suppurating wounds. Those having a rough bark and buds of 5cm. thick, may contain drinkable water. But be careful as not all contain drinkable water and even some may contain sticky sap and that is poisonous milky appearance ..
Animal blood not used to rehydrate in fact be avoided. Furthermore, because the nutrients contained therein, it requires energy for digestion. All mammals have pathogens in their blood, so they should be cooked. Urine contains salts and toxins, but can be processed into a solar distiller. Many birds, mammals and some insects such as bees, ants, and flies, are reliable indicators of the presence of water, streams or ponds.
Many animals need water regularly. The grazing animals are usually never far from water as they need to drink from dawn to dusk. If you do converge in the footsteps of herbivorous animals will lead you to water. Carnivorous animals are not good indicators because they get liquids from their prey.
Especially bees are good indicators. They fly up to 6.5 km from their hive. Ants also depend on water. A column of ants climbing a tree may be going to a small reserve of standing water. Such reserves are even in arid area.
They collect any small drop they need from their prey or dew. They are not good indicators.
If you have to ration water, drink it in sips. After being without water a long time, not engullas lot of water when you find her. Take small sips at first, as long gulps could lead to a dehydrated person vomiting. This valuable water body would be lost.
Grain eating birds are never far from water. When they are flying low and straight is going direct to water. When drinking again flying from branch to branch, resting regularly. Waterfowl and birds of prey do not drink frequently and, therefore, are not good indicators. Note that wild and wild birds in their natural environment never fly towards a population, so, to find yourself in this situation must know that with a high probability, there is a human population to the opposite side of the flight of such birds.
Salt is also essential for the survival of man. A normal diet requires a daily intake of 10 g . The body loses salt through sweating and urination, so it is necessary to replace that loss. The first symptoms of lack of salt are: muscle cramps , nausea fatigue. The remedy is to take a pinch of salt in 1/2 liter of water. You can take salt tablets in your medicine cabinet. In this case just break and dissolve it in the appropriate amount of water. Not the entire ingest because it can cause stomach aches and kidney damage.
If your salt reserves are low and are near the sea, salt water contains about 15 g / l of salt, but do not drink it as it is. Dilúyela in fresh water to make it drinkable, or evapórala to obtain crystals of salt. If you find no way to get salt, you can resort to the blood of animals, which is a valuable source of minerals.
When no compas to settle it does not own, you can only rely on emergency methods, the best option is with a needle watch:
Note: when riding a shelter, and camp is located convenient to the east side (3 hours.)
Main article: firelighting
There are numerous techniques to make fire . Older use heating the timber by friction or sparking through a flint stone and ferrous (ie containing iron ).
There are ancient methods that date back to the Paleolithic , such as friction or percussion, and modern methods such as the use of matches or matches, lighters, electric arcs or even sunlight.
In the wilderness we must protect from the sun and heat. Other important factors are sandstorms and sometimes cold night temperatures. In these condiones we must avoid water loss to the maximum we can.
It is recommended to be buried in the sand to minimize loss of water and sun protection. We can also cover ourselves with a cloth parachute if we have it. To build a shelter or scroll to select other cooler times of the day, at dawn or dusk. The temperature is usually several degrees lower a few centimeters below the soil, so dig a hole with a cloth or cover material available to us and that gives us shade. When the cold is approaching extreme values, the refuge becomes the element that our survival depends, and its construction becomes the top priority.
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With the importance of knowing how to recognize them , find edible plants like comfrey [Symphytum officinale L.] (Helps heal wounds and prevents bleeding in case of bleeding), the acorns , berries (blueberries, shipwrights, sloe or scratches, raspberries, blackberries, currants, blackberries …), etc. However, we must have good knowledge of botany, as some toxic plants may resemble edible plants. It is also possible to hunt animals to eat your cooked meat.
We must not forget that the wind aggravates the negative effects of cold. The main purpose of the shelter in cold areas is to retain our heat and produced by other sources of heat that can be used. This requires that there are no drafts and that the shelter is not large excess. A small shelter is warmer and gives less work than a large one.
In the snow you can build various types of shelters,
After igloo, probably the best refuge for cold areas. improvised a shovel or other tool (a plate, a stick …) with which to dig where snow has piled needed. Should excavate a (harder the bigger will be heating) small cave with a bed about 40 cm above ground level and, if desired, we can also add a platform for cooking with a stove 30 cm higher. We must not forget to practice a vent hole in the top and one on the block of ice or compacted snow to serve as a door. The blade should be kept in case you need to use it to leave in the morning. Lighting a single candle inside this shelter get the temperature to rise several degrees, indicating the presence of carbon dioxide if it shuts down.
We’ll have to always keep feet warm and dry, as it is one of the parties who suffer most from the cold and very necessary for our survival.
If we make a kind of float I can improvise with pants, tying the spaces where they exit feet. When we finish tying the two holes cojemos pants around the waist with both hands and pushing hard against the water will fill the same and will not leave your feet and create a float for emergencies, though, it will not last long this technique, but They could help them cross a raft or go from one end to another of a river … etc
The fundamental method for offshore guidance is based on the relationship between sea horizon and the position of the stars.
During the day we can orient ourselves in relation to geographic north depending on the position of the sun, knowing that it rises in the east and sets in the west . Given its location relative to sea horizon at dawn, we can calculate the position of the north and south geographic knowing that the north will be 90 degrees to the left and the south will be at 90 degrees to the right and, therefore, west will be on 180, on the opposite side.
Day we can meet our long , long as we have some clock or method to know the exact time in any area or time zone of the globe. Given the clock and time zone with which it has been synchronized, we note that the position of the sun at 12 noon is completely vertical. So, by adding or subtracting hours difference between clock and solar position, we can calculate our length considering a time difference amounts to 15 ° meridian .
During the night we can orient ourselves knowing the position of the cardinal points and our latitude . Depending on the hemisphere in which we find ourselves have to use some other constellations to guide us .
In case of being in the Northern Hemisphere , we will take as a reference the Polar Star . The Polar Star is the closest to the geographic north pole in the sky. It will be easier to find if the constellations are known, said star “tail” of the Little Dipper . In case of being in the Southern Hemisphere we will have to make reference to theconstellation known as Crux .
To calculate our latitude we need a sextant that in case of lack of it, can improvise. The function of the sextant is to give us the angle formed between the position of two bodies and ours, so that, with reference to the horizon maritime, we shall find the angle of the Polar Star or indicated by the location Crux , knowing that the resulting angle it will be equivalent to our latitude. Given that in Ecuador our latitude is 0 °, the North Pole is 90 degrees and the South Pole -90 °.
Retrieved from ” http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/T%C3%A9cnicas_de_supervivencia “
In an ideal world, one would expect broad and sufficient information through the mass media. Political and economic interests of these means can make very short notice, even in the worst CIRCUMSTANCES AND IN THE LAST MOMENTS. As we can not trust them, they offered some possible indicators beginning of a nuclear attack or armed conflict. Not necessarily everyone would neither in this order:
Alternative 1-Information on the Internet that something is happening.
2-terrorist attacks or countries that demonstrate a possible war.
3-Panico in bags bursatiles
4-supply problems resources (oil, gas)
previous five-statements of different politicians. According to the news nothing happens serious.
6-Statements that war is inevitable, later.
massive 7-Purchase victuals for the population.
8-EVACUATION population of large cities. Notice that a neighbor, friend or family member has left farsighted his second residence or simply do not know where he is.
10-canceling and blocking web pages and alternative means of counter.
11 Locks email and mobile phones of some “non grata” people.
12, Imprisonment of some political leaders and peace activists TO AVOID MOBILIZATIONS.
13-Information of civil protection and institutional campaigns to prepare.
14-some conventional military confrontation as in the border, consulates, military installations, etc.
15-Algun nuclear attack or large-scale in some inplicado country.
16- Militarization of state productive resources (factories, ports, aeropueertos, etc).
17- Militarization and requisitioning of thousands of officials, retired military policy by drawing RED CROSS, CIVIL PROTECTION AND ESPECIALLY UNEMPLOYED.
18- Rationing by the state of gasoline or other resources.
WHEN THIS HAPPENS IS THAT THING IS IMMINENT:
18- almost AbsoluteC Lock Internet. Although it is technically impossible to disconnect internet it may work under minimal.
19- Service Interruption in electronic equipment. It is hoped that a nuclear attack starts with an attack of electromagnetic pulse (EMP), or detonating relatively close weapons generates it . THIS IS DONE FROM THE AIR AND ONE NUCLEAR BOMB detonated IN THE ATMOSPHERE TO HIGH ALTITUDE CAN AFFECT A WHOLE CONTINENT.
20- If the service of electronic equipment, electricity, water, telecommunications and / or battery-operated equipment (such as watches) is interrupted, it can be assumed that an EMP has occurred.
21- The vehicles, especially modern (electronic ignition, electronic engine management) can be stopped.
22- Massive reduction of the durability of batteries.
Suspension 23- sudden and extensive telecommunications services. Specifically, inability to establish contact with a certain area (a city, such as Barcelona, Madrid, etc) or interruption of communication with a particular area. This may be indicative that this area has already been attacked.
24-Interruption general communications core saturation as a result of routing.
25- L to first public reaction would be confusion and passivity, particularly those who have not been direct witnesses of nuclear detonations. Probably they would spend many hours, even days, before the general public began to become aware of the gravity of what happened; queues of refugees and the first victims by radioactive deposition would very possibly who opened the eyes of the people, particularly if the notice of the attack has been brief or no . 24- strong, deep and remote detonations. violent flashes on the horizon. Traces of missiles in the upper regions of the atmosphere. sudden and unexpected of “shooting stars” reentry components) appearance.
In any emergency, but sooner or later you have to cook. In many types of disasters you may not have supplies of gas or electricity for days inoperative leaving your kitchen gas or electric, your microwave or heating. You’re en route to your backpack or car, at home or in a bunker will need a good kitchento eat with dignity something hot. With a kitchen you can heat water to wash up, cooking raw food, and sterilize instruments. If you do not want to eat raw hundreds of cans and food in your bunker you should think about as they will cook.
Not all countries or areas exists as easily for fuel. In some countries it is more economical solid fuel (coal or wood) and other is gas or gasoline.
In Spain and North Africa is relatively easy to find blue bottle gas house Camping Gaz. Cheap and light (in various sizes) is the most versatile to carry in your backpack, in your car or in your shelter and warm food for a few days option. A team so you can easily repay if some day cut gas supplies in your home for a repair or just want to make a field trip.
The Camping Gaz bottle is easy to adapt a lamp and also get a light camp (although candles are cheaper). For less than 50 euros you can have stove and gas bottle to get out of trouble.
The second option, for a house or bunker are polyvalent butane or propane cylinders. Propane costs about the same, not frozen, and has a higher calorific value (if you lose your burns the food !!!!). Loading cylinders are less than 15 € price.
It is the favorite choice of many campers and use is still widespread in many homes. It is relatively easy to get them in many non-urban stations. Many restaurants or big eaters also use butane gas cylinders (typically larger and heavier stored abroad as a security measure).
A gas cylinder for cooking can give you many days and have hot water. To turn a spark igniter is sufficient (do not spend matches). In addition you can have a catalytic stove. But you have to take special care ventilation, especially in the bunker not intoxicate.
Never sleep with butane stove.
Butane cylinders have different accessories like burners for paellas and barbecues, transpórtalas carts, stoves, etc. The most versatile of all is a kitchen tabletop 1 or 2 hotplates, easy to transport and find for about 40 €. With that you have enough in your shelter for several weeks.
An alternative is 6K bottles (half weigh only 6 kg, see photo) that are easier to move and transport and can be stacked one above the other and fully compatible with all accessories. It is indicated for elderly or disabled to move a gas cylinder people is a great physical effort. Furthermore, this is the ideal for transporting in the trunk of your car size.
The barbecue is another of those items that should not miss on your computer. You can cook meat, fish and vegetables. You can also use it to smoke meat and fish and extend the life of these foods when you do not have refrigerators or cool places to store food. The complement to a barbecue, if you live in a city, is a bag of charcoal for barbecues (in the city there are not many dry trees burn and wood furniture is usually solid and contains chemicals that flow in the combustion)
There are folding models that are great for emergencies.
Here you have this: http://www.elnougarden.com/accesorios/fuego/barbacoas-hotspot/barbacoa-notebook-portatil
This is second to none to take hiking for less than 25 euros: http://www.chimeneascosta.es/Barbacoa-portatil-inoxidable-Grilliput
You can improvise a barbecue at home with a cast iron pan or baking tray iron itself; and on top you put the oven rack. Also with a metal bucket and even a shopping super ..
In the market you can find different stoves and materials commonly travel and expeditions. Some are versatile in the sense that operate with different fuels in gas or liquid form (kerosene, gasoline, alcohol, etc.). In Latin America it is easier to find these models and their use is more widespread. The simplest is a simple platform in which to place an alcohol burner or solid fuel tablets. It’s just an individual choice and are used to heat portions and not that great cook. Some of these supports are very cheap (less than 10 €).
Here you have a video of the portable kitchen esbit, with a price of 20 euros.
In a post-apocalyptic world come a time that the bottles were exhausted and have to know how to make a kitchen. Some cookers work with wood and other alcohol, or are mixed.
Alcohol also can run out or evaporate, but it is easy to manufacture by hand (look at you Hiscox- Hopkings recipe industrial area VIP downloading.
You have the option of gasoline and to prevent volatice or explode in your face you have to mix it with soil. It lasts longer and is safer. Billion cars in the world will provide fuel for your furnace and your lighter for many days.
Ideally to survive is a furnace that enables combustion with liquid fuel and solid (wood, coal).
You can be proactive and buy it already on the market you have some possibilities: http://www.backpackinglight.co.uk/product397.asp
But if you want to be a real survivor you should know to build it yourself.
So do not fail to see the forum Buschcraft in Spanish.
Thousands of well explained ideas, with photos and videos !!!
Excellent alternatives to gas stoves.
You will learn how to make a kitchen with anything.
1- Video Manufacturing alcohol burner
2- burner with soda
3- Construction of a stove with a stainless steel pot
4- Stove wax
5- Mini kitchen kit … ..Buenísimo you have to see it. This really is a kitchen to survive the end of the world. A video very good.
6- The definitive stove to carry in your pocket
7- very cheap Stove, bought emergency 72 hour kit. with video
8- Stove autoconstruido. Great photos explaining the manufacturing process
If you want to think big, to your home or bunker you think there is a possibility to install inside or outside your facility different models of fuel tanks (oil) which can be from 200 liters to 50,000 liters. This ensures energy and combustion for many months
A mobile kitchen can be another good idea, because it guarantees mobility in cases of displacement of large groups and mount a traveling camp.
Forum photo: Forum-SyN
In most websites and books on survival you will find long lists of materials you should take in up to survive. Are famous lists are based on the experience of military adventurers, rescue workers etc. However all of them are designed to allow you to survive a few hours or days until rescue services locate you or your get reach a safe area. Others are works somewhat outdated over time because not provide new materials for first aid, adventure sports , etc.
For the present case (great catastrophe 2012) is possible that these rescue services do not arrive or do not exist. The solution is not to carry large amounts of material. So how you HAVE TO BE OUR SURVIVAL KIT?
What do you suggest this gallery? Your kit should be contained in a relatively small, manageable and light container. The solution agreed by most experts is a small fanny pack / shoulder bag where you can keep your bare minimum equipment: kit, tools, food, planes. This solution can always carry him and gives you great freedom of movement (climbing, crawling, jumping, etc); and in case of loss / theft of your backpack to retain the minimum.
My latest discovery is the replacement bags for babies (which usually hang from pushchairs). They are practical, with huge pockets and compartments. And also they do not raise suspicions.
As I see it the survival kit should serve to:
1- Surviving a sudden catastrophic event (earthquake, accident, etc.). Prerequisite for this is that your survival bag this as close to you: the glove, work locker at the entrance of your house, etc.
2- Allow a rapid evacuation of a given area to a safe area (without entertained to “pack”) in the event of sudden catastrophe (nuclear attack, bombing, earthquake, etc.)
3- Allow survive for a few hours or days to get your ” drum up” to your hideout or your refuge preconditioned.
4- The difference in this kit, I propose, with most others is that you will surely find in an urban environment and not in the Amazon jungle. This will allow you to access multiple resources to survive.
For years my survival gear was housed in a ski bum bag and then in a very ordinary shoulder bag design. The reason for leaving the fanny pack was its limited capacity because exceed 2 kg (very easy if you carry water bottle) was difficult and uncomfortable transportation.
Currently I take all my stuff in the bag Decathlon photo, which is only 16 euros PERFECT !! You can take as fanny pack, shoulder bag, backpack and mixed shoulder bag / fanny pack. It is discreet and does not attract attention as other military or camouflage bags. This padded and can use it to carry your camera picture / video.
It has different pockets, including a pocket on the back to house a large knife smoothly survival and ¡not draw attention !!!!
An ideal complement is to bring a sturdy plastic bag or cloth folded to “enhance” the ability of your “survival bag”. In route you could find objects of your interest as food, tools, etc.
I advise before creating your survival kit and know where to host it . Thus you will limit the size and weight of your team. You should also consider whether your team is individual or collective and adapt it to your escape route. You can distribute the material between different members of your group.
A pendrive . You should carry a small pen memory where you can store:
Survival books, medicine, construction, technical manuals, etc.
Copies of important personal documents: identity card, driving license, permits, titles, passports, family books, maps, road maps etc.
You can backup up this information for restricted internet and carrying another memory stick. This flash drive must be leakproof and approves shock and water. Within a photographic film roll can be well protected.
In the market you will find models of shock and submersible pendrive.
An eBook . Now at Christmas 2009 it ensures that the eBook will be the star. It is very important to consult documents (such as housed in the pendrive). Keep your battery up almost a week and some already contemplating keyboard, and incorporation of mobile internet. They cost about 200 euros and is the alternative to notebook PCs heavy. In my opinion this element is not essential to your survival bag, but if you have it in your shelter.
Some mobile large screen could be used as e-book and also have some very useful accessories such as GPS. But I think a great catastrophe cell phones stopped working or the battery will drain quickly.
Along with this accessory you should see a slight emergency batteries or solar charger, special for this instrument. It is possible that in a scenario postdestrucción not available electricity.
Last but not more important is to protect your ebook from an attack by electromagnetic pulse. It “advisable” unico is that when this occurs your e-book should be within a microwave, a basic structure of Faraday cage.
A document holder that can carry hidden and fastened to the body may be necessary to save your documents, like your plan, money, et
A belt with secret pocket can also be another possibility.
A mini book with a mini pen may be necessary. You can use it to write important data, leaving notes, keeping a diary of activities, etc. which can then be very useful. In this book you can keep a calendar, phone contact, one meter of paper, a photo of your loved ones, radio frequencies, etc.
A roll plastic 2 x approximately 3 meters . In Mercadona you can buy a roll of plastic, very resistant, used to cover the clothing shop owner. For less than 3 euros already have your makeshift tent. You can serve poncho for rain water collection, cut it to seal a windshield or window, seal a wound, isolate soil, create you a sack of survival, etc. In some kits is suggested to take a couple of bags of gardening 150 liter that can serve the same and occupy less. A tip buy two, when unrolling is almost impossible to fold correctly.
Cuchilleria. You can check the cutlery section . But you should know that your survival bag should not miss any of these items. My personal choice is the knife Bushman in the bag, the utility knife Soldier in the inner belt and a small knife in my mini – bag of tools.
Cordino. For less than 10 euros you can buy 10 meters of rope climbing 2 and 3 mm. Useful for all types of bonds on clothes, shoes, bags tie, tighten an awning, etc. Bending in 3 or 4 times it can help you lose a drop. I have 10 meters of rope 2mm twisted in the knife handle and 10 meters of 3 mm rolled outwardly in my canteen survival. Rope and tape blinds also give good results. Old video tapes contain hundreds of meters that can serve as a rope. A spool of floss contains 50 meters of extra strong silk thread. With sheets you can improvise a knotted rope, etc.
Water. You know more than 3 days without water is not good for health. Usually it recommended to drink 2 liters a day, but it depends on the weather and the effort this can vary by more or less. This decision to bring water in your bag charge equivalent to 2 or 3 kg of extra weight. So it is advised to drink whenever possible in anywhere, anytime and do not touch your personal water reserve. Of course your escape route you should note in advance the possible locations of water supplies.
The container I use is alumnio bottle wide mouth ¾ liter of the first picture. (bought in Decathlon). This width allows use mouth to eat, introduce disinfectant and fill it easily. I wear it rolled several meters wide ribbon American ultra resistant (avoid metallic noises) and 10 meters cordino of 3mmm, along with a carabiner that clips to the bag. I can not put bottles of more than 1 liter why not fit in my compartment. The bottle filled whenever you can, because the noise is very annoying half full. For a while I tried a thermos Starbruck (such as the 3rd photo) wide mouth but its capacity was very small (33 cl).
I ajdunto alternatives to bring water.
The small bag of tools can not miss in your bag survival and must include elements that are not normally suggested in survival books, because they are designed to “return after a catastrophe.” In any case this small survival bag should not replace a good toolbox in your shelter and get you out of trouble during your evacuation.
Weight is critical. I have a small canvas plumier always have it in my toolbox and add it to my bag when I perform survival survival activities. Please do not buy Chinese or similar tools in bazaars, go to a good hardware store. All these tools as a whole are cheaper than the famous survival knives with pliers. If you buy one be sure it is from a known brand. These are my tools when it is in full:
– Universal pliers multipurpose type Acorn house (although made in China), to cut cable, wire, bend materials, cable, hold something, open a can, cut something, screwdriver, etc. For only 13 euros has a good quality.
– A screwdriver with handle “T” adapted for all types of screwdriver bits and sockets (up to 13)
– A pair of small precision screwdrivers.
– A set of Allen wrenches biker type.
– 2 berbiquíes of 3 and 5 mm very useful for drilling in wood.
– Fastening Yokes plastic electrician type
– Aluminium rivet for use with hammer. Paper clips, several wood screws, small hooks, wooden nails, all in a photo boat.
– A candle and a lighter.
– Matches in a waterproof boat.
– A spool of fishing line and hooks (because they do not weigh anything)
– A small half – round file without handle.
– A saw blade 2 cm wide, metal and other wood side. This leaf size is on the cover of machete.
– A small knife.
– An electrician tape.
– Needles for sewing high quality tarps and textiles.
– A spool of dental floss (50 meters extra hard wire).
– 10 meters cordino 2 and 3mm in the handle of the machete and my water bottle.
– Meters duct tape wrapped around my water bottle.
In your bag can not miss elements of lighting from a candle to a flashlight. I propose the latest LED flashlights that last for years. A small, key in your kettle type emergency, another not very big hand in your bag, slung belt or neck. Other good alternatives are autorecargable crank flashlights, there are small and manageable, some models can even charge a mobile. The headlamps are another good idea.
A pot of aluminum or stainless steel allow you to boil (essential if there toxicants) water, sterilize medical utensils, cooking, warm up a tea, and if necessary use it as a shovel. It can also effectively protect against bumps and breaks some important elements. Square pot in my house Laken have my emergency kit, some elements of survival and something to eat.
Something to EAT. The human being is capable of surviving more than 30 days without eating. The survival bag is indicated for only a few days or hours and therefore makes no sense to carry food. However in a survival situation, stress, fatigue or adrenaline may cause dizziness, low blood sugar or sudden fainting. To avoid this in our survival bag can preferably include foods that do not need cooking such as energy bars, meal replacements, sugar candies, nuts, chocolate (eye with heat to easily melt) tea bags, etc. they can reconstitute. In supermarkets, health food stores or sports will find all kinds of flavors.
The first aid kit is another of these elements should not miss in your bag. You can store it inside a waterproof bag, a thermos, a kettle, etc. to protect it from water, dust and shock. You must be adapted to your person or your companions if you have special needs (diabetics, special medication, etc.).
It is recommended not to take medicines or utensils that we know not handle. Everything must be pointed in a clearly visible with the expiration date of the drugs list. It is also advisable to carry a paperback first aid. This item will soon own section on our website.
You do not forget 2% iodine tablets for diarrhea, bandages and band aids for feet, scalpel blade, etc. Important carry a small first aid book.
Content made with own contributions and suggestions Patriota, Dilbert, Nexusmatrix, Richie survivalist forum.
The digital survival kit includes a series of digital resources and equipment allow us to better survive for a scenario of “the day after”
Padded bag to protect equipment and to facilitate the transport (such as a bag with handles or military equipment in the photo above) box plastic armored HDDs . Like this: http://www.supervivencia2012.net/2011….co-duro Pendrives (pencil or skewer me memory) high capacity in small boats and watertight and separated with duplicate content (one in the survival kit conventional and other armored box in). This armored flash drive would be ideal: http://www.supervivencia2012.net/2010….l-mundo but expensive and heavy.
If we wait electromagnetic storm (PEM) must be protected with faraday and away from any magnet that could erase.
Lightweight external hard drive large capacity . If for electromagnetic storm (PEM) must be protected with faraday
Different memory cards, multi-card reader
Different cables and connections, small headphones,
Backup DVD (not affected by electromagnetic storm). For example on 4 DVDs fits all Wikipedia content requested in Spanish with a program to view it without being connected to the network.
Current transformer car battery to charge and use mobile devices. Power supply . From a generator, solar panels or small radios that have crank and allow players to load.
A player authentically survival , which is lightweight, long battery life, reproducing pdf, video, images, allowing write, you have internet connection and is easily rechargeable. Currently the most versatile would be a notebook (since the appearance of the tablet are cheaper). There are some notebook models designed for military or public works use. They are resistant to shock, moisture, dust or extreme temperatures.
Another option is having different specialized players: music and video in MP3 and MP4 devices. For manual an eBook. And a tablet for the Internet.
The devices can go in aluminized bags with foil, with survival blanket, with bags of frozen aluminized etc. To protect them from PEM and shock.
Manuals of all kinds, most preferably in Spanish and in text format. From manual emergency dentist or manufacture alcohol. In other languages as well (if you can find any survivors who speak languages) Documentaries and films various entertainment. Personal digital documents and scaneados : ID card, passport, photo card, Family Book, property contracts floors and vehicles, academic degrees and professional , address book, maps, plans, etc. Photographs and films relatives (to remember) Music (for entertainment) and audio programs (eg language courses) cartographic maps without being connected.
BACKING UP NETWORK AND THE INTERNET
Another suggestion is to HANG UP OR NETWORK entire DIGITAL documentation or restricted access key. It is a free service that you can access from anywhere in the world. Even send itself documents with your email account is a simple remedy. This is very appropriate when you travel abroad and need for example a copy of the passport or identity card .
We must not despise the Internet as the possible communication network in case of emergencies. In fact internet was designed to operate in case of war or great catastrophe and I do not doubt that restira better than digital broadcasting satellite or hertzian tv / radio. Another serious thing tocheck as a civil servant, of course applications like Facebook would not work …
It is logical to think that large networks of information distribution and energy production and fall in cases such as geomagnetic storms, war cyberspace, etc. But not all technology will fall. One that has electric generators as plates, dynamos, turbines, motor generators, etc. They can have enormous amounts of information in digital format thanks to a simple computer and digital storage systems.
Once affect us a severe solar storm there is no human way to know if storms continue for several days, will be repeated within a week or a month. We have satellites that warn us, but if repeated a large PEM would not know. In conclusion, you imagine that you get your vehicle parking (which miraculously does not affect the PEM) or your laptop wisely protected faraday box …. and after a few hours another storm comes and you leave it is estropeado..Esa the pure reality.
The best is a simple radio receiver FM / OM work with crank (not affected by the PEM) In case of emergency the state occupies the entire bandwidth to broadcast messages.
A more serious step to acquire a receiving station (walkie talkie) of the so-called Citizen Band (CB) only requires administrative authorization must be renewed every 5 years. It also requires a single payment of 82 euros to be granted (amount in force in 2011). The authorized frequencies range from 26.960 MHz to 27.410 MHz.
This frequency despite being considered entertainment in some circumstances can lend services to society, because thanks to the use of equipment CB have been avoided or helped in some disasters, intervening in emergencies and providing relief during floods, accidents, fires and other disasters.